Gemological Institute of Cambodia

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Diamond ea Tšepo

Hope Diamond ke daemane e putsoa ea 45.52 carat. Taemane e putsoa ka ho fetesisa e kileng ea fumanoa ho fihlela joale. tšepo ke lebitso la lelapa leo e neng e le la lona ho tloha ka 1824. Ke daemone e tsoang ho "Bleu de France“. Moqhaka o utsoitsoeng ka 1792. O ile oa rafshoa India. Hope Diamond e tumme ka hore ke daemane e rohakiloeng, kaha beng ba eona ba hlahlamanang ba tseba qetello e bohloko le e bohloko. Kajeno ke e 'ngoe ea lipontšo tse teng National Museum of Natural History e Washington, DC, United States.
Reka theko ea Diamond historing | Tšepo Diamond thohako | Tšepo Diamond ea bohlokoa

E khetholloa e le daemane ea Mofuta oa IIb.

Taemane e 'nile ea bapisoa ka boholo le sebōpeho le lehe la leeba, lepa, le "bōpehileng joaloka pere." Litekanyo ka bolelele, bophara le botebo ke 25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 ka × 7/8 ho × 15/32 ho).

E 'nile ea hlalosoa e le' mala o moputsoa o boputsoa bo bosootho "hape e le" 'mala o moputsoa o lefifi "kapa o na le' mala o" putsoa "

Lejoe le bontša khanya ea 'mala o makatsang le o mebala e sa tloaelehang: kamora ho pepesehela lebone la mahlaseli a makhutšoanyane, daemane e hlahisa khanya e khubelu ea phosphorescence e phehellang nakoana kamora hore mohloli oa khanya o time,' me boleng bona bo makatsang e kanna eaba bo thusitse mpefatsa botumo ba eona ba ho rohakoa.

Ho hlaka ke VS1.

Sehiloeng ke mokotla oa khale oa mokokotlo o nang le lebanta le nang le mahlakore a mabeli le likarolo tse ling holim'a sethala.

History

Nako ea Sefora

Taemane e ile ea khutlisetsoa Fora ke mohahlauli Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, ea ileng a e rekisetsa Morena Louis XIV. Tšōmo ea daemane, e nchafatsoang khafetsa, e re lejoe le utsoitsoe seemahale sa molimotsana Sitâ. Empa pale e fapaneng ka ho felletseng e ka lateloa ka 2007 ke François Farges oa Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Paris: daemane e ile ea rekoa ke Tavernier, 'marakeng o moholo oa litaemane Golconde, ha a ne a ea India tlasa Mmuso oa Mughal. Bafuputsi ba Setsi sa nalane ea nalane ea Tlhaho le bona ba fumane sebaka sa morafo moo ho lumeloang hore daemane e simolohile teng mme e ka leboea ho Andhra Pradesh ea kajeno. Khopolo-taba ea bobeli mabapi le tšimoloho ea daemane e bile e netefatsoa ke pokello ea nalane ea Mughal ea Hyderabad. Mabarebare a 'maloa a batla hore daemane ea Hope e rohakoe le ho bolaea ba kenang ho eona: Tavernier a ka be a ile a qetella a jelletsoe ke libatana, kamora ho senngoa, athe haele hantle o bolailoe ke botsofali Moscow, a le lilemo li 84. Louis XIV o ile a khaola lehakoe, le neng le tloha ho 112.5 ho isa ho 67.5 carats, mme a bitsa taemane e fumanoeng "Violet de France" (ka Senyesemane: French Blue, ka hona ke ho fetoha ha lebitso la hona joale).

Ka Loetse 1792, daemane e ile ea utsuoa polokelo ea thepa ea ka tlung nakong ea bosholu ba mabenyane a Crown a Fora. Taemane le masholu a eona ba tloha Fora ba ea Engelane. Lejoe le ne le khutlisoa moo hore le rekisoe habonolo mme monyaolo oa lona o lahlehile ho fihlela ka 1812, hantle lilemo tse mashome a mabeli le matsatsi a mabeli kamora bosholu, nako e lekaneng ea hore e laeloe.

Nako ea Borithane

Hoo e ka bang ka 1824, lejoe leo, le neng le se le ntse le betliloe ke mohoebi le moamoheli Daniel Eliason, le ile la rekisetsoa Thomas Hope, ramanko London, setho sa mohala o ruileng ea nang le banka ea Hope & Co, mme a hlokahala ka 1831. La Lejoe ke taba ea inshorense ea bophelo e ngotsoeng ke moen'ae, eo ka boeena e neng e le mokelli oa majoe, Henry Philip Hope, mme o tsamaisoa ke mohlolohali oa Thomas, Louisa de la Poer Beresford. E lutse matsohong a Tšepo, daemane e se e nka lebitso la bona mme e hlaha lethathamong la Henry Philip kamora lefu la hae (ntle le litloholo) ka 1839.

Mora oa letsibolo oa Thomas Hope, Henry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), oe futsitse: lejoe leo le ile la bontšoa London ka 1851 nakong ea Great Exhibition, ea ntan'o ba Paris, nakong ea pontšo ea 1855. Ka 1861, morali oa hae ea mo amohetseng Henrietta, mojalefa a le mong , o nyala Henry Pelham-Clinton (1834-1879) ea seng a ntse a le ntate oa moshanyana: empa Henrietta o tšaba hore mora oa hae oa bobeli o tla senya leruo la lelapa, ka hona o theha "trustee" ebe o fetisetsa setloholo seo ho setloholo sa hae, Henry Francis Tšepo Pelham-Clinton (1866-1941). O e futsitse ka 1887 ka mokhoa oa inshorense ea bophelo; ka hona a ka ikarola ho lejoe feela ka tumello ea lekhotla le boto ea trustee. Henry Francis o phela ka n beyond'ane ho matla a hae 'me karolo e' ngoe e baka ho oa ha lelapa la hae ka 1897. Mosali oa hae, sebapali May Yohé (in), o ba fa litlhoko tsa bona a le mong. Nakong eo lekhotla le mo hlakolang hore a rekise lejoe ho thusa ho lefa mekoloto ea hae, ka 1901, May o ile a tloha le monna e mong ho ea United States. Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton o rekisa lejoe leo ka 1902 ho ea ho mabenyane a London Adolphe Weil, ea le rekisetsang morekisi oa Amerika Simon Frankel ka $ 250,000.

Nako ea Amerika

Beng ba Hope ba latellanang lekholong la mashome a mabeli la lilemo ke Pierre Cartier, mora oa mabenyane a tummeng Alfred Cartier (ho tloha ka 1910 ho isa ho 1911) ea e rekisetsang Evalyn Walsh McLean ka lidolara tse 300,000. E ne e le ea hae ho tloha ka 1911 ho fihlela lefung la hae ka 1947, eaba e fetisetsa ho Harry Winston ka 1949, ea ileng ae fa Setsi sa Smithsonian Washington ka 1958. E le ho etsa hore ho tsamaisoa ha lejoe leo ho be masene le ho bolokeha ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang, Winston o le romella ba Smithsonian ka poso, ka sephutheloana se senyenyane se phuthetsoeng ka pampiri ea kraft. E setseng e le daemane e putsoa ka ho fetesisa e kileng ea fumanoa ho fihlela joale, taemane e ntse e bonahala setsing se tummeng, moo e ruang molemo ka phapusing e bolokiloeng: ke ntho ea bobeli e ratoang ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng (baeti ba limilione tse tšeletseng ba selemo le selemo) kamora Mona Lisa Louvre (baeti ba limilione tse robeli selemo le selemo).

LBH

Na Tšepo ea Diamond e rohakiloe?

The taemane o ile a lula le lelapa la borena la Fora ho fihlela le utsuoa ka 1792 nakong ea Phetohelo ea Fora. Louis XIV le Marie Antoinette, ba khaotsoeng lihlooho, hangata ho boleloa e le bahlaseluoa ba thohako. The Tšepo daemane e tumme ka ho fetisisa taemane e rohakiloeng lefats'eng, empa ke e le 'ngoe feela ho tse ngata.

Hona joale ke mang ea nang le Hope Diamond?

Mokhatlo oa Smithsonian le Batho ba United States. Smithsonian Institution, eo hape e tsejoang e le Smithsonian, ke sehlopha sa limusiamo le litsi tsa lipatlisiso tse tsamaisoang ke mmuso oa United States.

Na Diamond ea Tšepo e ne e le Titanic?

Pelo ea Leoatle filiming ea Titanic ha se karolo ea mabenyane, empa e tumme haholo. Mabenyane a ntse a ipapisitse le daemane ea 'nete, 45.52 carat Hope Diamond.

Na Tšepo ea Daemane ke safire?

Taemane ea Hope ha se safire empa ke daemane e putsoa ka ho fetisisa.

Na Diamond ea Tšepo e bonts'itsoeng ke ea 'nete?

Ee e joalo. Real Hope Diamond ke karolo ea pokello ea ka ho sa feleng ea musiamo mme e ka bonoa Setsing sa nalane ea nalane ea nalane ea nalane ea tlhaho Washington, DC, United States. Ka Harry Winston Gallery, e rehelletsoeng ka mabenyane a New York ea fileng daemane ho musiamo.

Taemane ea Hope e bohlokoa hakae kajeno?

Blue Hope Diamond ke lejoe le letle le leputsoa le nang le nalane e hlollang. Matsatsing ana, taemane ena e boima ba li-carat tse 45,52 mme e lekana le $ 250 million.

letsatsimong'alatela boleng ba
Theko ea daemane ea ts'epo ka 1653Jean-Baptiste TavernierLipuo tsa 450000
Theko ea daemane ea ts'epo ka 1901Adolph Weil, mohoebi oa mabenyane oa London$ 148,000
Theko ea daemane ea ts'epo ka 1911Edward Beale McLean le Evalyn Walsh McLean$ 180,000
Theko ea daemane ea ts'epo ka 1958Setsi sa pokello ea nalane ea Smithsonian$ 200- $ 250 limilione

Na ho na le motho ea lekileng ho utsoa Hope Diamond?

Ka la 11 Loetse, 1792, Hope Diamond e ile ea utsuoa ntlong e neng e boloka mabenyane a moqhaka. Taemane le masholu a eona ba tloha Fora ba ea Engelane. Lejoe le ne le khutlisetsoa moo hore le rekisoe habonolo mme tatellano ea lona e lahlehile ho fihlela ka 1812

Na ho na le lefahla ho Hope Diamond?

Monyetla oa hore litaemane tsa Brunswick Blue le Pirie e kanna ea ba majoe a morali'abo rona ho Tšepo e bile mohopolo oa lerato empa ha se 'nete.

Hobaneng ha taemane ea Hope e le theko e boima?

Mmala o ikhethang o moputsoa oa daemane ea Hope ke lona lebaka le ka sehloohong leo ka lona batho ba bangata ba lumelang hore ke la bohlokoa. Haele hantle, litaemane tse se nang 'mala ha li fumanehe hangata' me li phomola ntlheng e le 'ngoe ea mebala e fapaneng. Ka lehlakoreng le leng ho na le litaemane tse mosehla.

Na Tšepo Diamond ke taemane kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng?

Ke taemane e putsoa ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng. Empa Khauta ea Jubile ea Khauta, daemane e sootho ea 545.67 carat, ke taemane e sehiloeng le e kholo ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng.

phosong: Content le sirelelitsoe !!