Shungite

Tlhaloso ea lejoe la Shungite le litšobotsi tsa pholiso ea kristale

Tlhaloso ea lejoe la Shungite le litšobotsi tsa pholiso ea kristale.

Reka mahakoe a tlhaho lebenkeleng la rona

Shungite ke mineraloid e ntšo, e benyang, e sa kristale e nang le liperesente tse fetang 98 tsa khabone. E ile ea hlalosoa ka lekhetlo la pele ho tsoa polokelong haufi le motse oa Shunga, Karelia, Russia, moo e bitsoang teng. Lejoe le tlalehiloe le na le li-fullerenes tse ngata (0.0001 <0.001%).

Shungite lejoe le bolelang

Lentsoe "shungite" le sebelisitsoe qalong ka 1879 ho hlalosa mineraloid e nang le khabone e fetang 98%. Haufinyane poleloana ena e sebelisitsoe ho hlalosa majoe a shungite, a lebisang pherekanong. Lejoe lena le boetse le arotsoe feela kahare ea khabone, 'me shungite-1 e na le khabone ka har'a liperesente tsa boima ba 98-100 le shungite-2, -3, -4 le -5 e nang le likateng tsa liperesente tsa 35-80 , 20-35 lekholong, 10-20 lekholong le tlase ho 10% ka ho latellana. Ka tlhophiso e ngoe, Lefika le arotsoe ka mokhoa o khanyang, o khanyang, o bobebe ebile o lerootho motheong oa khanya ea bona.

Kristale e na le mekhoa e 'meli e meholo ea ketsahalo, e ajoang ka har'a lefika la moamoheli ebile e le thepa e hlophisitsoeng hantle. Shungite e fallisitsoeng, eo e leng majoe a khanyang, e 'nile ea hlalosoa e le ho emela li-hydrocarbon tse falliloeng' me e fumanoa e le lera, lera kapa lilense tse haufi le ho ts'oaroa ke lejoe la majoe, kapa mothapo, o fumanoang e le methapo e arolang. e kanna ea hlaha joalo ka maqhubu ka har'a majoe a manyane a sedimentary.

Lejoe la majoe le tlameha ho fihlela joale le fumanoe haholo Russia. Peeletso ea mantlha e sebakeng sa Letša la Onega la Karelia, Zazhoginskoye, haufi le Shunga, mme ho na le ketsahalo e 'ngoe e Vozhmozero. Ho tlalehiloe liketsahalo tse ling tse peli tse nyane haholo Russia, e 'ngoe e le Kamchatka mafikeng a seretse se chesang' me e 'ngoe e entsoe ka ho chesoa ha thepa e tsoang morafong oa mashala mocheso o phahameng oa Chelyabinsk. Liketsahalo tse ling li hlalositsoe ho tsoa Austria, India, Democratic Republic of Congo le Kazakhstan.

koetliso ea

Lejoe le nkuoe e le mohlala oa tlhahiso ea peteroleamo ea abiogenic, empa tšimoloho ea eona ea tlhaho e se e netefalitsoe. Mahakoe a sa falliseng a fumanoa ka kotloloho ka mokhoa o hlophisehileng kaholimo ho li-depositi tse ileng tsa theoa ka rakafong e sa tebang ea metsi ea carbonate ho tikoloho eo e seng ea leoatle. Ho latellana ha shungite ho latellana ho nahanoa hore e kentsoe nakong ea ho phatloha ho matla, ho tsamaellanang le majoe a alkaline a seretse se chesang a fumanehang ka tatellano. Libaka tse nang le manyolo a mangata li kanna tsa beoa sebakeng se nang le letsoai le nang le letsoai. Khabone e ngata e supa tlhahiso e phahameng ea tlhahiso ea baeloji, mohlomong ka lebaka la limatlafatsi tse ngata tse fumanehang linthong tse foqohang seretse se chesang.

Li-deposit tse nang le shungite tse nang le marang-rang tse bolokang mehaho ea sedimentary li hlalosoa e le majoe a mohloli oa oli. Ho se ho fumanoe meaho e meng e bopehileng joaloka li-mushroom, e hlalosoang e le lithaba tse ka foqohang seretse se chesang. Mefuta e fapaneng ea lera le methapo, 'me e tlatsa li-vesicles ebe e etsa matrix ho breccias, e hlalosoa e le peterole e fallisitsoeng, eo joale e leng mofuta oa sekontiri sa metamorphosed.

Origin

Peeletso ea lejoe e na le pokello ea khabone e fetang likhakanyo tse fetang 250. E fumanoa ka tatellano ea majoe a Palaeoproterozoic metasedimentary le metavolcanic a bolokiloeng ka tatellano. Ho latellana hona ho ngotsoe ke ho kenella ha gabbro, ho fanang ka letsatsi la 1980 ± 27 Ma, le li-dolomite tse ka tlase, tse fanang ka lilemo tsa 2090 ± 70 Ma. Ho na le likarolo tse robong tse jereng shungite kahare ho sebopeho sa Zaonezhskaya, ho tloha bohareng ba tatellano e bolokiloeng. Ho tsena tse tenya ka ho fetisisa ke lera la botšelela, le tsejoang hape e le "Tlhahiso ea tlhahiso", ka lebaka la ho bokelloa ha majoe a majoe. Li-depositi tse 'ne tsa mantlha li tsejoa ho tsoa sebakeng seo, li-depositi tsa Shungskoe, Maksovo, Zazhogino le Nigozero. Peeletso ea Shungskoe ke eona e ithutoang haholo 'me e rafshoa haholo.

Shungite e sebelisa

Lejoe le 'nile la sebelisoa e le kalafo ea setso ho tloha mathoasong a lekholo la bo18 la lilemo. Peter the Great o thehile SPA ea pele ea Russia ho la Karelia ho sebelisa thepa ea ho hloekisa metsi ea lehakoe, eo le eena a kileng a ba le eona. O boetse a hlohlelletsa ts'ebeliso ea eona ho fana ka metsi a hloekisitsoeng bakeng sa sesole sa Russia. Matla a anti-baktheria a kristale a netefalitsoe ke liteko tsa sejoale-joale.

E 'nile ea sebelisoa ho tloha bohareng ba lekholo la bo18 la lilemo e le' mala oa pente, 'me hona joale e rekisoa tlas'a mabitso "carbon black" kapa "shungite black black".

Lilemong tsa bo-1970, E ile ea sebelisoa hampe tlhahiso ea thepa e sirelletsang mali, e tsejoang ka hore ke shungisite. Shungisite e lokisoa ke ho futhumatsa majoe a nang le likhahla tse tlase ho isa ho 1090-1130 ° C mme e sebelisoa e le sesebelisoa se tlase sa ho tlatsa.

Tlhaloso ea lejoe la Shungite le melemo ea ho folisa ea kristale

Karolo e latelang ke pseudo saense ebile e thehiloe litumelong tsa setso.

Ho lumeloa hore majoe ana a na le litšobotsi tse ka ntlafatsang bophelo ba kelello, 'mele le moea oa hau ka litsela tse fapaneng.

Tlhaloso ea lejoe la Shungite le litšobotsi tsa pholiso ea kristale ke lejoe le letle haholo. Ho thothomela ha eona ho hoholo ho thusa ho tlisa thepa ea 'mele ea hau ea moea moeeng hore o tle o khone ho hokahanya bohlale ba bokahohle le lithuto tsa karmic. lejoe ke tlhoekiso e matla 'me le leleka lintho bophelong ba hau tse kanna tsa u qeta matla.

E hloekisa metsi

Ho tloha mehleng ea khale, lehakoe le 'nile la sebelisoa ho hloekisa metsi. Sena se bakoa ke ts'ebetso ea eona e khahlano le libaktheria le livaerase.

Phuputso ea 2018 e re shungite e thata e ka sefa metsi ka ho tlosa litšila le lintho tse nang le manyolo joalo ka chefo e bolaeang likokonyana. Phuputso ea 2017 e boetse e fumane hore carbon e tsoang shungite e ka tlosa metsoako e ntšang mahlaseli a kotsi metsing.

Pholiso e sebelisa

Haeba u na le khatello ea maikutlo, ho tšoenyeha kapa ho ikutloa u sithabetse, leka ho roala sekhechana sa mabenyane a shungite. Nako efe kapa efe ha o ikutloa o sithabetse, lebisa tlhokomelo ea hau moo lejoe le kopanang le mmele oa hau, koala mahlo, 'me o shebane le phefumoloho ea hau. Phefumoloha ka makhetlo a mane, tšoara tse 'nè, ebe o tsoa moea ka palo ea tse' ne. Phefumoloho ena e tebileng, e nang le morethetho e tla u khutlisetsa setsing sa hau mme e tla thusa ho etsa khutso kelellong ea hau.

LBH

Na shungite e na le thepa ea pholiso?

Tlhaloso ea lejoe la Shungite le litšobotsi tsa pholiso ea kristale bakeng sa tlhoekiso ea 'mele le phephetso ea' mele, matla a eona a ho folisa a kenella ka hare ho maikutlo le moeeng, a lumella mang kapa mang ea sebetsang le shungite ho hloekisa matla a bona a matla a kotsi kapa a sa batleheng.

Ke lokela ho beha shungite kae ka tlung ea ka?

Beha lejoe pela bethe ea hau kapa tlasa mosamo. Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, o ka beha piramite haufi le leihlo kapa microwave ea hau. Khomarela poleiti ea vrystal sekoahelong se ka morao sa mohala oa hau oa thekeng. U ka roala lehakoe ka mokhoa oa mekhabiso e metle le lithatho.

Na ho bolokehile ho apara shungite?

Ho roala shungite ho ke ke ha etsa feela hore pholiso ea chakra e be matla le ho feta, empa hape ho tla fokotsa matla a tsoang ho chakra e koetsoeng kapa e fetelletseng. Ho fokotsa matla ho tla u lumella ho ikoetlisa ka mokhoa o sireletsehileng oa chakra le ho khutlisetsa botsitso motso.

U ka tseba joang hore shungite ke ea 'nete?

Mmala o motšo o motšo ke letšoao la pele le khethollang lejoe la 'nete. Hangata e na le tšoaetso ea mebala e sootho, e bohlooho kapa e 'mala oa gauda. Tsena ke mesaletsa ea liminerale tse ling tse kang pyrite, tse fumanehang mokatong o le mong.

U hloekisa likristale tsa hau joang?

Inela kristale ea hau ka metsing bosiu bo le bong, kapa e tšoare ka tlas'a metsi a pholileng metsotsoana. Metsi a letsoai le ona a tla hloekisa likristale. Sebelisa metsi a leoatle kapa motsoako o entsoeng ka likhaba tse 1-2 tsa letsoai tse qhibilihisitsoeng ka ho feletseng ka li-ounces tse 8 tsa metsi. Hlatsoa kristale ea hau metsing a hlakileng ha u qetile.

Reka mahakoe a tlhaho lebenkeleng la rona la mahakoe

Re etsa mabenyane a majoe a kristale a shungite a rekisoang joalo ka mehele ea boitlamo, lifaha, masale a stud, lipetja, mekhabiso… Ka kopo iteanye le rona bakeng sa tlhaloso.

phosong: Content le sirelelitsoe !!