Na majoe a majoe a merafo?

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Na majoe a majoe a merafo?

Lerafshoa ke karolo ea lik'hemik'hale tsa tlhaho, hangata ea mofuta oa crystalline mme ha e hlahisoe ke mekhoa ea bophelo. Merafere e na le lik'hemik'hale tse itseng tse khethehileng, athe lejoe le ka ba le limela tse ngata tse fapaneng. Saense ea diminerale ke mineralogy.

Majoe a mangata a mangata ke liminerale

Liminerale li na le lisebelisoa tse sa tšoaneng. Tlhaloso ea bona e fetela ka lik'hemik'hale tsa bona le lik'hemik'hale. Litšobotsi tse tloaelehileng tsa ho khetholla li kenyeletsa mokhoa oa kristale le mokhoa o tloaelehileng, le boima, ho khanya, diaphaneity, mmala, streak, ho ba le botsitso, ho felloa ke matla, ho arohana, matla a itseng, magnetism, tatso kapa monko, radioactivity, le ho itšoara ka acid.

Mohlala oa majoe a majoe a diminera: Quartz, diamond, corrundum, beryl, ...

maiketsetso mahakoe

Ke habohlokoa ho khetholla majoe a majoe a maiketsetso, le majoe a etsisang kapa a ts'oanang.

Matlotlo a maiketsetso a le motsoako, optically le a ts'ebetsong ka mokhoa o ts'oanang le lejoe la tlhaho, empa a entsoe ka Factory. Bakeng sa khoebo ea maketane, barekisi ba majoe a majoe a sebelisa hangata lebitso "lab e bōpiloe". E etsa hore majoe a maiketsetso a rekisoe ho feta "fektheri e bōpiloeng".

Mohlala oa majoe a maiketsetso a maiketsetso: Synthetic corrundum, mahlaseli a diamant, quartz e entsoeng ka letsoho, ...

Majoe a majoe a maiketsetso

Mehlala ea majoe a maiketsetso a kenyelletsa maseru a zirconia, a entsoeng ka zirconium oxide le moissanite e ts'oanang, e leng majoe a majoe a tšoanang. Li-imitations li kopitsa ponahalo le 'mala oa lejoe la sebele empa ha li na lik'hemik'hale kapa likarolo tsa' mele. Moissanite ha e le hantle e na le phapang e phahameng ea marang-rang ho feta daemane 'me ha e hlahisoa ka thōko le diamane e lekanang le e khaotsoe e tla ba le "mollo" o fetang "diamant".

Rocks

Lefika ke ntho ea tlhaho, e nang le metsoako e le 'ngoe kapa e mengata kapa mineraloids. Ka mohlala, Lapis lazuli ke lefika le letšo la metamorphic rock. Sehlopha sa eona ke lejoe le leholo la bohlokoa. Karolo ea bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa ea diminerale ea lapis lazuli ke lazurite (25% ho 40%), diminerale ea feldspathoid silicate.

Mabitla a maiketsetso

Ho na le lisebelisoa tse ngata tsa manyolo tse sebelisoang ka majoe, ho kenyelletsa:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey lejoe

Mineraloids

Mineraloid ke sesebelisoa se nang le diminerale se sa boneng hore na ke sefe. Mineraloids e na le lihlopha tsa lik'hemik'hale tse fapaneng ho feta mefuta e tloaelehileng e amohelehang ea liminerale tse khethehileng. Ka mohlala, obsidian ke khalase ea amorphous eseng kristale. Jet e entsoe ka lehong le senyehang tlas'a khatello e feteletseng. Opal ke e 'ngoe ea mineraloid ka lebaka la tlhaho ea eona e sa kristalline.

Mineraloids e entsoeng ke batho

Khalase e entsoeng ke batho, polasetiki, ...

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